Nebraska/Iowa Weekly Hay Summary (Fri)
Kearney, NE    Thu Jan 10, 2019    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending January 11, 2019

  Compared to last week alfalfa hay sold fully steady. Grass hay and 
ground and delivered hay sold steady. Dehy pellets steady in the East 
sold steady with the Platte valley trading steady to 10.00 higher. Demand 
remains very good for Dehy pellets across the state with supply getting 
very tight. Demand for grinding hay and ground hay was good from 
feedlots. Some areas of the state snow has melted and cattle are out 
grazing with ranchers not having to supplement as much feed as previous 
week. There is a chance of rain/snow mix over this weekend. If there is a 
large accumulation of moisture cattlemen will have to start supplementing 
feed again that will dwindle supplies of reserve hay. It appears most 
potential buyers will procure hay on an as needed basis, not stock piling 
large quantities. A lot of talk about trying to bale cornstalks when the 
weather shapes up. All sales are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay 
barn, unless otherwise noted. 

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large rounds 100.00-115.00; Fair large rounds 72.50-87.50. 
Grass Hay: Premium large rounds 100.00-105.00; Good large rounds 85.00-
90.00; Fair large rounds 65.00-75.00. Premium small squares 160.00-
170.00. Cornstalk bales 60.00-65.00, few at 70.00. Cane in large rounds 
80.00. Sudex in large rounds 65.00. Dehy Alfalfa pellets 17 percent 
protein 280.00-290.00.

Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good round bales 100.00-110.00. Cornstalk bales 60.00-65.00. 
Ground and delivered alfalfa 140.00-145.00. Ground and delivered 
alfalfa-stubble mix 130.00-135.00. Ground and delivered cornstalks 
95.00-110.00. Dehy Alfalfa pellets 17 percent protein 230.00. 

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Premium large squares 175.00-180.00; Good large squares 150.00-
160.00; Fair large squares 135.00-140.00. Good large rounds 130.00-
145.00. Alfalfa/Orchard Grass: Good to Premium large squares 180.00-
200.00. Straw in large square bales 90.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

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