Wyoming, West Nebraska, and SW South Dakota Hay Report
Torrington, WY    Thu Nov 07, 2019   USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News

Wyoming Hay Summary - Week ending Nov 08, 2019

   Compared to last alfalfa on the eastern side of the state sold steady 
to 5.00 higher. Other reporting areas traded steady on the week. Demand 
was moderate for local sales with good demand noted on hay leaving the 
state. Some farmers have had problems with sugar beet harvest this fall 
as temps dropped below freezing causing damage to the beet. Farmers 
continue to pick corn with some reports test weights are lower than the 
standard 56 lbs per bushel. Few, hay producers are waiting for their 
final cutting of alfalfa to dry out so they can bale it. Note: �All 
prices are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn unless otherwise 

Eastern Wyoming 
Alfalfa: Supreme large squares 195.00-215.00. Premium large squares 
175.00-185.00; Good large squares 160.00-170.00. Fair large squares 
130.00-140.00. Premium small squares 270.00. Alfalfa/grass: Premium large 
squares 230.00; Good large squares 200.00-215.00. Straw large squares 
70.00-80.00. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 255.00. 
Western Wyoming
Alfalfa: Good large squares 160.00-165.00; Fair large squares 130.00-
140.00. Premium small squares 200.00-220.00. Good large rounds 150.00. 
Alfalfa/Orchard grass: Premium small squares 225.00-250.00. Timothy: 
Premium small squares 240.00. Certified weed seed free alfalfa 
cubes bulk 235.00-240.00, 50 lbs bags 280.00.

Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	 leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA WY Dept of Ag Market News Service, Torrington, WY
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399
         Website: www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/TO_GR310.txt
         Email: Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov 

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