Wyoming, West Nebraska, and SW South Dakota Hay Report
Torrington, WY    Thu Feb 22, 2018    USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News

Wyoming Hay Summary � Week ending February 23, 2018

  Compared to last week all reported forages sold fully steady. As winter 
has hangs on, with bitter cold temperatures and snow this week, producers 
are having to buy extra hay to feed livestock. A lot of reports of 20 to 
30 below in western and north central areas of Wyoming the last few days 
along with some snow and strong winds. One plus to the snow 
accumulations, when melting occurs, it will fill area dams so producers 
should have enough water for summer irrigation. Most producers in central 
and western areas have small and large squares of hay for sale. Hay 
supplies in the Eastern areas of the state are very �tight� with many 
contacts reporting �sold out� in this week�s phone conversations. Valley 
video hay auction had a �barn burner� of a sale on Wednesday, prices can 
be found on the USDA Market News website at 
https://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/to_gr325.txt.  You can also find all 
other USDA hay reports at https://www.ams.usda.gov/market-news/hay-
reports.  All prices are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn unless 
otherwise noted. Prices are from the most recent reported sales. 

Eastern Wyoming 
Alfalfa: Supreme large square bales 200.00; Premium large square bales 
165.00; Good large square bales 130.00-145.00; Good large round bales 
145.00. Alfalfa/grass mix: Good large squares 65.00 per bale. Sun-cured 
alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 215.00-225.00. 
Central and Western Wyoming
Alfalfa: Supreme large square bales 160.00; Premium large square bales 
150.00; Good large square bales 140.00; Premium small square bales 
180.00-200.00. Certified weed seed free alfalfa cubes 220.00-260.00. 

Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dy matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	 leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA WY Dept of Ag Market News Service, Torrington, WY
         Tom Walthers, OIC Market Reporter (308) 390-5399
         Website: www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/TO_GR310.txt
         Email: Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov 

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